You need to asess the varipus risks involved in a job. Do so by asking two initial questions:


  • What is the probability that you will have an injury?
  • How serious might it be?

The two questions are to agree on the risks you need to protect yourselves against, and how much protection is required. If you do not take this approach, many risks may be overlooked and it is often the minor risks that lead to injury.

Below are examples of where to place injuries and probability. The list is naturally not exhaustive and there is no absolute definition so it is important that you use your experience and knowledge in this part of the assessment process.

When reviewing and placing the risks in the matrix, it is a matter of being as open as possible. It may be possible to place all the risks in the green category for insignificant risks but if you do so, it would probably mean that you have not acknowledged the dangers that may be present. When you have assessed all the risks in the matrix they should be included in the following action plan.

Risks are divided into three colour categories and five risk categories.

When a risk is assessed as being insignificant or minor, there is either a permanent solution for the risk or it is so insignificant that no further action should be taken. When making these assessments, it is important to subsequently to ensure that these permanent solutions are maintained which is why they must be included
in the action plan and the risk assessment document.

In the moderate, serious or unacceptable risk categories, risk must be reduced to a minor or insignificant risk. This is done by drawing up an action plan.


Senior Occupational Health Consultant

Anne L. Ries

+45 3311 1833

+45 2961 8860

I can help you with:

  • Safety Organization
  • Consultancy
  • Physical working environment
  • The program Health and Safety at Sea
  • Legislation at sea